Extension and Refinement
As described, we see how science rapidly progresses into the study of more and more about less and less. That only proceeds to a point, however. Eventually, we have resolved the accuracy of our hypothesis to the point of practical feasibility. Then we ask ourselves: what if we modify the circumstances of our experiment? For example, what if we wanted to plan the rolling of barrels down a plank from ship to shore? For cargo vessels of different heights, the barrels will attain different speeds. At what point do the barrels become deadly projectiles?
This consideration of extensions and refinements kicks off the next cycle of scientific inquiry. If our hypothesis holds in some cases and not others, what differentiates those cases? We observe and classify, we hypothesize, and finally we control and experiment.